types of fire pump

4 Different Types of Fire Pumps

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One of the biggest disasters happens with fire and for that, you need to be prepared in advance with a fire prevention system. One of the most crucial components of a fire prevention system is a Fire Pump. It delivers the necessary water flows and pressure for extinguishing a fire. However, making an appropriate choice of what pump to have from the wide range of fire pumps is a difficult task. To assist you in making an informed choice, we’ll describe about 4 types of fire pumps and their distinctive characteristics in this blog post.

The fire pump that serves a commercial building may not always be able to contain or put out fires that start without enough water or water pressure. This is the reason why obtaining a fire pump is vital in these cases. All the different types of fire pump works differently and have different applications. It is important to know all the specifications of each type before installing one at your home, workspace or commercial area. 

What is a Fire Pump?

fire pump is an important part of a fire sprinkler system

A fire pump is an important part of a fire sprinkler system as provides the whole system with high-pressure water and helps in boosting water flow. It’s critical to comprehend what a fire pump is and how it functions. It draws water from an underground water source, a water tank, a lake, or a reservoir and is driven by both electric and diesel fuel. A fire pump is made up of the motor, also known as the driver along with the controller and a pump, which is an essential component of the system.

4 Different Types of Fire Pumps

The types of fire pumps are not very distinguished from one another. They are basically compared on the basis of the location they acquire for placing, their efficiency, their uses and most importantly the way they extract the water from the ground. Based on these criteria, there are 4 types of fire pumps that are widely used. Let’s discuss it one by one in detail. 

Horizontal Split Case

The most prevalent fire pumps are horizontal split cases. Despite the fact that it requires a separate water supply, it is still simple to use. This indicates that it is preferred by many fire protection providers over other systems. The horizontal split case system’s parts are simple to access and keep clean. Additionally, the size of the different parts varies from one another, making it simpler to replace them. The best part is that these systems are long-lasting and strong enough to distribute water consistently over an extended period of time.

Vertical Split Case

vertical split case fire pump

Both, the horizontal fire pump and vertical fire pump are somewhat the same happening the same functions. The only difference lies in their appearance and the space they occupy. The vertical split pump uses less floor area as they are vertical. These are widely used in small firms that may not have enough room for all of the required fire protection measures. One of the greatest advantages of installing a vertical split pump is that it shields the engine from floods.

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Vertical In-line Fire Pump

The vertical in-line fire pump is smaller than split-case fire pumps. These take up less room and are perfect for small companies or other structures with limited space. Even though these units don’t require a unique base to be anchored, issues always appear when it’s time for maintenance and quality checks. This is due to the necessity of disassembling and removing the entire fire pump system.

Vertical Turbine Fire Pump

Every fire pump needs a special pump that can pull water from the ground source and supply it to the sprinkler system. These vertical turbine fire pumps are exempt from this requirement. Instead, water from adjacent wells or water tanks can be used by the vertical turbine fire pump. When needed, water is pumped to the top and then released. 

Some Unique & Additional Fire Pumps

Apart from the above 4 main types of fire pumps, there are several other additional types of fire pumps that are widely used in industries to extinguish the fire. These fire pumps are unique and they have a special sprinkler system and function differently. 

Sprinkler Pump

The sprinkler pump is frequently used to water plants and other vegetation in gardens as well as to put out fires. It makes high-pressure water available for use in the fire sprinkler system, which speeds up the water flow. These sprinkler pumps are widely used in factories and power plants. They are placed in the ceiling that covers a wide range of areas when it sprinkles water.

Booster Pump

booster pumps

The booster pump device is a component of another method for putting out and controlling fire flames. Depending on how it is built, a booster pump will raise the pressure of a fluid including the liquids or even gases. Similar to a gas compressor, a gas booster is often made with a simpler mechanism. It only uses one stage of compression. Also, This is employed to raise the gas’s pressure, which is already above the atmospheric pressure.

Drencher Pump

Another component of a water heads-based fire fighting system is the drencher pump. Drenchers are typically installed on a building’s exterior to defend against a fire that may have started in another structure nearby. They slightly differ from sprinkler pumps that are built within the building. One can easily spot the drencher pump over windows, roofs and other outside openings.


In many structures, a fire pump is an essential piece of fire- and life-safety equipment. Before installing any device, there are a lot of conditions and factors to take into account. You must choose the best system that particularly fits your area and has several applicants that could benefit your location. 

At Mentor Water, our fire pump specialists can help you if you need smoke detectors, fire extinguishers, or an automatic sprinkler system installed. We have been preventing fire damage to people’s homes and other property and our exceptional work reflects our experience. Additionally, we are renowned for providing excellent customer service, subject matter knowledge, and dependability. Connect with us at +91 735 100 2123 to troubleshoot any problem you have. 


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